Animation began almost 2,000 years ago star projector with a device referred to as the Zoetrope. Now, fans can take advantage of animation at hand drawn, CGI and prevent motion formats. From the conception to new technologically advanced technology, here is the good the genre.
Several countries all over the world have contributed to the concept and invention of animation.
Zoetrope: the initial Zoetrope in 180 AD, created by Ting Huan, from China, was an illusion that, when spun, made the pictures appear like we were holding moving; the modern Zoetrope was founded by William George Harner from Britain in 1834 (see photo).
Magic lantern: Thaumatrope, 1824.
Flip book: patented by John Barns Linnet in 1868.
Mutoscope: in 1894.
Praxinescope: France 1877, created by Charles-Emile Reynaud who made earth’s first animated film which screened in Paris, France on October 28, 1892 with his prototype of the modern projector he referred to as the Théâtre Optique system (invented in 1889).
However, even before these early projectors, the 1st animation from the world extends back to 5000 years ago, within present-day Iran (Persia), an animated earthen goblet, depicting a goat jumping with a tree to eat the leaves. Also, animation has become depicted in cave drawings.
Animation is divided into three categories: traditional animation (includes cel-animation), stop motion (includes claymation), and CGI (computer generated imagery). Even today, as it was often carried out the past, any one of them may be congruently combined and even used with live-action, e.g. ‘Who Framed Roger Rabbit’? (1988).
Traditional animation was at one time typically the most popular form of animation, going back to the first use of animation in films. Traditional, or classical animation as it’s also called, originally contained hand-drawn images on each, single frame, including the background. Later, with all the invention of cel-animation, founded by Earl Hurd in 1914 (while employed at John Bray Studio), animation would progress further.
Cel-animation would be a technique utilized in that your animated ink drawings were inked directly onto clear bits of celluloid, each frame individually. Then, each bit of celluloid, one by one, was placed on one particular painted background and then photographed consecutively. Since this saved the required time, for the reason that background didn’t have to be reproduced for each and every frame, other animation studios began copying this technique. Today, traditional animation is completed digitally over a computer, with ‘digital ink’.
*Even though Earl Hurd, in 1914, invented the cel-animation technique, unfortunately, it turned out John Bray Studio who received the loan because of this innovative method. It was misfortunate that the first animation studios didn’t credit their artists in support of regarded fame and monetary gains for their own reasons.
Otto Messmer, ‘Felix the Cat’ creator, when utilised by the Pat Sullivan Studio, experienced the same unfairness as Hurd. Not once in the entire life did he receive recognition and even monetary gain (Pat Sullivan made millions from Messmer’s creation). This also happened on the Walt Disney Studios; except Disney is said to possess acknowledged his artists; however, Disney, like Pat Sullivan, received millions from his artists’ creations. For instance, it turned out Freddie Moore (Robert Fred Moore) who needs to have received people attention (when he was alive) for his innovative style towards realistic motion; this exceeded at night ‘rubber hose’ style from the day.
In stop motion animation, or stop-action, a physical object is slightly moved (object animation), then photographed, one frame at a time. Clay animation (or ‘Claymation’ registered trademarked (1978) by Will Vinton) and pixilation, both initially first utilized in 1908. The U.S. clay animated film, created by The Edison Manufacturing Co. (later referred to as Thomas A. Edison, Inc.) called ‘The Sculptor’s Welsh Rarebit Dream’ (1908) is the 1st known clay animation. ‘El hotel eléctrico’ (The Electric Hotel) (1908), a Spanish film created by Segundo de Chomón, can be an early example from the use of pixilation.
There is also variations of stop motion techniques: go motion, stereoscopic, and CGI stop motion.
Go motion was initially utilized in 1980 in ‘Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back’ and was made as a way to provide a more realistic movement on the object(s) inside the frame. Since each object, when shot using stop motion, is in crisp clear focus within each frame (which doesn’t realistically represent movement on the human eye), go motion provided the mandatory effect to make a subject’s movement more life-like by creating motion blur. When shooting go motion, the niche, while being recorded, is moved. This creates motion blur. Although there have become multiple ways to make a subject move while it’s being recorded, one of many ways is by using rods to control the thing.
Stereoscopic (‘two’ images) animation describes 3-D animation. One way to create 3-D images with object animation is simply by the use of a binary lens system (aka point-and-shoot stereo cameras), one particular camera constructed with two lens. Another way to produce 3-D images is with all the use of a computer and CGI software programs.
CGI animation can be a mixture of computer generated imagery with animation techniques, and because from the advancements laptop or computer technology and software, is currently becoming preferred kind of animation. The difference between CGI and also other varieties of animations is always that it is all totally manipulated with a computer, one frame at a time. Each frame, after manipulation, should be rendered, and due to this, a quick computer is important.
CGI initially started in the first seventies with all the advancement laptop or computer technology and software. However, it wasn’t until recently, with all the use of motion capture that CGI characters have grown to be increasingly more realistic.
You don’t have to possess a fancy computer and a great deal of training to get going in animation. Learn to help make your own stop motion movie.
“Film History.” Kristen Thompson, David Bordwell. 2003.
Image in “Beginning from the Art” from Wikimedia Commons